Thursday, July 10, 2014

Health Benefits of Banana (केला)



Health Benefits of Banana केला
Scientific Name:  Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana
Bananas are an excellent source of vitamin B6, soluble fiber, and contain moderate amounts of vitamin C, manganese and potassium. Along with other fruits and vegetables, consumption of bananas may be associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer and in women, breast cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Banana ingestion may affect dopamine production in people deficient in the amino acid tyrosine, a dopamine precursor present in bananas. Individuals with a latex allergy may experience a reaction to bananas.
Banana gives instant surge of energy and this is one of the reasons sportsmen consume it during intervals. Bananas are an excellent breakfast for kids and adults as it provides required energy throughout the day. It helps keep blood pressure under control because bananas are rich in potassium, calcium & magnesium. It helps lower cholesterol and supports renal health. Bananas improves nerve function and enhances brain power. Banana is a rich source of B vitamins and therefore perks up nerve function.  Potassium, in banana keeps the mental faculties vigilant and boosts learning abilities. Rich in antioxidants and dietary fibre, consumption of bananas reduce risk of various types of cancer, especially bowel cancer. Probiotic bacteria present in bananas is said to have astonishing ability to absorb calcium in the body. Hence, consuming bananas help in building better bones. It is very rich in fructooligosaccharide which acts as a probiotic (friendly bacteria). It stimulates the growth and activity of probiotics in the colon and produces enzymes that enable absorption of nutrients thus enhancing the digestive ability and preventing unfriendly bacteria from harming the body. Certain substances in bananas stimulate the cells which make up the stomach lining, this enables production of a thicker protective mucus barrier against stomach acids.  Also the substance known as protease inhibitors in banana, help getting rid of bacteria in the stomach that produces stomach ulcers, thus protecting against damage of stomach and ulcer. Raw bananas are astringent in nature and are effective in treatment for diarrhoea.  They also regulate fluid balance. Pectin found in Bananas, help to alleviate constipation and improves bowel function. Bananas help regulate bowel movement they help cure piles. Bananas are good for Anaemic patients as they contain high levels of iron which help regulate the haemoglobin levels in the body.
1.    The antacid substance in banana gives immense relief from heartburn
2.    The presence of benign amino acids in banana helps combat allergies.
3.    Vitamins B6 and B12 along with magnesium and Potassium in Bananas helps recover from nicotine addiction
4.    Bananas when blended with honey and yoghurt cures hangover.
5.    The combination of milk and bananas enhances weight gain.  Bananas provide the body with necessary natural sugars and milk provides protein.
6.    Bananas are rich in amino acids known as Tryptophan.  This substance triggers production of melatonin (sleep hormone) which induces sleep.  Eating banana a few hours before bedtime ensures a peaceful night’s sleep.
7.    Itching and swelling caused by mosquito bites can be reduced by rubbing the inside of a banana on it. Vitamin B6, serotonin, tryptophan, dopamine, etc., in bananas help combat symptoms of PMS, erratic mood swings, and depression.
8.    They contain significant amounts of vitamin C and B6 which plays vital role in maintaining the integrity and elasticity of the skin.
9.    In addition, the large amount of antioxidants and manganese present in banana protect the body from damage caused by oxygen free radicals which lead to premature aging of the skin.
Read more for other benefits of BANANA

 
Bananas (Raw) Nutrient Vallue

Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6 Fat Factor: 8.37 Protein Factor: 3.36 Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25


Refuse: 36% Refuse Description: Skin

Nutrient (Proximates)
Unit
1Value per100g

Water
g
74.91

Energy
kcal
89

Protein
g
1.09

Total lipid (fat)
g
0.33

Ash
g
0.82

Carbohydrate, by difference
g
22.84

Fiber, total dietary
g
2.6

Sugars, total
g
12.23

Sucrose
g
2.39

Glucose (dextrose)
g
4.98

Fructose
g
4.85

Lactose
g
0

Maltose
g
0.01

Galactose
g
0

Starch
g
5.38

Minerals



Calcium, Ca
mg
5

Iron, Fe
mg
0.26

Magnesium, Mg
mg
27

Phosphorus, P
mg
22

Potassium, K
mg
358

Sodium, Na
mg
1

Zinc, Zn
mg
0.15

Copper, Cu
mg
0.078

Manganese, Mn
mg
0.27

Selenium, Se
µg
1

Fluoride, F
µg
2.2

Vitamins



Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
8.7

Thiamin
mg
0.031

Riboflavin
mg
0.073

Niacin
mg
0.665

Pantothenic acid
mg
0.334

Vitamin B-6
mg
0.367

Folate, total
µg
20

Folic acid
µg
0

Folate, food
µg
20

Folate, DFE
µg
20

Choline, total
mg
9.8

Betaine
mg
0.1

Vitamin B-12
µg
0

Vitamin B-12, added
µg
0

Vitamin A, RAE
µg
3

Retinol
µg
0

Carotene, beta
µg
26

Carotene, alpha
µg
25

Cryptoxanthin, beta
µg
0

Vitamin A, IU
IU
64

Lycopene
µg
0

Lutein + zeaxanthin
µg
22

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
mg
0.1

Vitamin E, added
mg
0

Tocopherol, beta
mg
0

Tocopherol, gamma
mg
0.02

Tocopherol, delta
mg
0.01

Vitamin D (D2 + D3)
µg
0

Vitamin D
IU
0

Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
µg
0.5

Lipids



Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.112

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.032

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.073

Cholesterol
mg
0

Phytosterols
mg
16

Amino Acids



Tryptophan
g
0.009

Threonine
g
0.028

Isoleucine
g
0.028

Leucine
g
0.068

Lysine
g
0.05

Methionine
g
0.008

Cystine
g
0.009

Phenylalanine
g
0.049

Tyrosine
g
0.009

Valine
g
0.047

Arginine
g
0.049

Histidine
g
0.077

Alanine
g
0.04

Aspartic acid
g
0.124

Glutamic acid
g
0.152

Glycine
g
0.038

Proline
g
0.028

Serine
g
0.04

Flavonoids



Anthocyanidins
mg
7.4

Flavan-3-ols
mg
6.1

Flavones
mg
0.3

Proanthocyanidin
mg
3.3