Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Currants (Ribes Rubrum) - Red and White - Health Benefits

Red and White Currants (Ribes Rubrum):
Currant (red or white currant) or Ribes rubrum, is a member of the gooseberry family and are very rich vitamin C and K. In a 100 gram serving, red currants (or white) supply 56 calories and are a rich source of vitamin C, providing 49% of the Daily Value. Vitamin K is the only other essential nutrient in significant content at 10% of DV.

Red and white currants are known for their relatively high content of organic acids and mixed polyphenols. As many as 65 different phenolic compounds may contribute to the astringent properties of redcurrants, with these contents increasing during the last month of ripening. Twenty-five individual polyphenols and other nitrogen-containing phytochemicals in redcurrant juice have been isolated specifically with the astringent flavor profile sensed in the human tongue.

Nutritional Profile of Red & White Currants:
Currants (Red and White) Raw
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6 Fat Factor: 8.37 Protein Factor: 3.36 Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25
Refuse: 2% Refuse Description: Stems
Nutrient (Proximates)
Unit
per100g
Water
g
83.95
Energy
kcal
56
Protein
g
1.4
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.2
Ash
g
0.66
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
13.8
Fiber, total dietary
g
4.3
Sugars, total
g
7.37
Sucrose
g
0.61
Glucose (dextrose)
g
3.22
Fructose
g
3.53
Minerals
Calcium, Ca
mg
33
Iron, Fe
mg
1
Magnesium, Mg
mg
13
Phosphorus, P
mg
44
Potassium, K
mg
275
Sodium, Na
mg
1
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.23
Copper, Cu
mg
0.107
Manganese, Mn
mg
0.186
Selenium, Se
µg
0.6
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
41
Thiamin
mg
0.04
Riboflavin
mg
0.05
Niacin
mg
0.1
Pantothenic acid
mg
0.064
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.07
Folate, total
µg
8
Folic acid
µg
0
Folate, food
µg
8
Folate, DFE
µg
8
Choline, total
mg
7.6
Vitamin B-12
µg
0
Vitamin B-12, added
µg
0
Vitamin A, RAE
µg
2
Retinol
µg
0
Carotene, beta
µg
25
Carotene, alpha
µg
0
Cryptoxanthin, beta
µg
0
Vitamin A, IU
IU
42
Lycopene
µg
0
Lutein + zeaxanthin
µg
47
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
mg
0.1
Vitamin E, added
mg
0
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)
µg
0
Vitamin D
IU
0
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
µg
11
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.017
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.028
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.088
Cholesterol
mg
0
Alcohol, ethyl
g
0
Caffeine
mg
0
Theobromine
mg
0