Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Cherry (Malpighia emarginata) Acerola, चेरी


Acerola, West Indian Cherry
Botanical Name - Malpighia emarginata
Common names- Acerola, Barbados Cherry, West Indian cherry, Wild Crepe Myrtle

The fruit is edible and widely consumed in the species' native area, and is cultivated elsewhere for its high vitamin C content. There are 1677.6 mg of vitamin C in 100 g of fruit. The fruit can be used to make juices and pulps, vitamin C concentrate, and baby food, among other things.
The fruit is edible and widely consumed in the species' native area, and is cultivated elsewhere for its high vitamin C content. There are 1677.6 mg of vitamin C in 100 g of fruit. The fruit can be used to make juices and pulps, vitamin C concentrate, and baby food, among other things.
A comparative analysis of antioxidant potency among a variety of frozen juice pulps was carried out, including the acerola fruit. Among the 11 fruit pulps tested, acerola was the highest-scoring domestic fruit, meaning it had the most antioxidant potency.
Acerola is used to treat or prevent scurvy, a disease caused by vitamin C deficiency. Acerola is also used for preventing heart disease, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), blood clots, and cancer.
Some people use it to treat the common cold, pressure sores, bleeding in the eye (retinal hemorrhages), tooth decay, gum infections, depression, hay fever, and collagen disorders. Athletes use acerola for improving physical endurance.


Nutrient (Raw Fruit) ~Proximates
Carbohydrate Factor: 3.6
Fat Factor: 8.37
Protein Factor: 3.36
Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25

Refuse: 20%
Refuse Description: 18% seed
 2% stem end


Nutrient (Proximates)
Unit
per100g
Water
g
91.41
Energy
kcal
32
Energy
kJ
134
Protein
g
0.4
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.3
Ash
g
0.2
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
7.69
Fiber, total dietary
g
1.1
Minerals
Calcium, Ca
mg
12
Iron, Fe
mg
0.2
Magnesium, Mg
mg
18
Phosphorus, P
mg
11
Potassium, K
mg
146
Sodium, Na
mg
7
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.1
Copper, Cu
mg
0.086
Selenium, Se
µg
0.6
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
1677.6
Thiamin
mg
0.02
Riboflavin
mg
0.06
Niacin
mg
0.4
Pantothenic acid
mg
0.309
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.009
Folate, total
µg
14
Folic acid
µg
0
Folate, food
µg
14
Folate, DFE
µg
14
Vitamin B-12
µg
0
Vitamin A, RAE
µg
38
Retinol
µg
0
Vitamin A, IU
IU
767
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.068
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.082
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.09
Cholesterol
mg
0
Other
Alcohol, ethyl
g
0
Flavonoids
Anthocyanidins


Cyanidin(1)
mg
15.7
Pelargonidin(1)
mg
6.8
Flavones


Apigenin(2)
mg
0
Luteolin(2)
mg
0
Flavonols


Kaempferol(2)
mg
1
Myricetin(2)
mg
0
Quercetin(2)
mg
4.7

Acerola, West Indian Cherry (Fruit Juice)





Carbohydrate Factor: 3.92


Fat Factor: 8.37


Protein Factor: 3.36


Nitrogen to Protein Conversion Factor: 6.25


Nutrient
Unit
1Value per100g
Proximates


Water
g
94.3
Energy
kcal
23
Energy
kJ
96
Protein
g
0.4
Total lipid (fat)
g
0.3
Ash
g
0.2
Carbohydrate, by difference
g
4.8
Fiber, total dietary
g
0.3
Sugars, total
g
4.5
Minerals


Calcium, Ca
mg
10
Iron, Fe
mg
0.5
Magnesium, Mg
mg
12
Phosphorus, P
mg
9
Potassium, K
mg
97
Sodium, Na
mg
3
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.1
Copper, Cu
mg
0.086
Selenium, Se
µg
0.1
Vitamins


Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
mg
1600
Thiamin
mg
0.02
Riboflavin
mg
0.06
Niacin
mg
0.4
Pantothenic acid
mg
0.205
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.004
Folate, total
µg
14
Folic acid
µg
0
Folate, food
µg
14
Folate, DFE
µg
14
Vitamin B-12
µg
0
Vitamin B-12, added
µg
0
Vitamin A, RAE
µg
25
Retinol
µg
0
Carotene, beta
µg
305
Carotene, alpha
µg
0
Cryptoxanthin, beta
µg
0
Vitamin A, IU
IU
509
Lycopene
µg
0
Lutein + zeaxanthin
µg
17
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
mg
0.18
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
µg
1.4
Lipids


Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0.068
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0.082
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0.09
Cholesterol
mg
0
Alcohol, ethyl
g
0
Caffeine
mg
0
Theobromine
mg
0